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Publik·11 anggota

The New Seven Wonders of the World: What They Are and Why They Matter


Seven Wonders of the World: A Guide for Travelers




Have you ever wondered what are the most amazing places to visit in the world? If so, you might be interested in learning about the seven wonders of the world, a list of remarkable human-made structures that have captivated people for centuries. The original list was compiled by ancient Greek writers who wanted to showcase the most impressive works of art and architecture in their known world. However, only one of those wonders still stands today, while the others have been destroyed by natural disasters, wars, or time. Fortunately, there is also a modern list of wonders that was created by a global vote in 2007, featuring some of the most iconic landmarks from different continents and cultures. In this article, we will explore both lists and give you some information and tips on how to visit these incredible sites. Whether you are a history buff, a nature lover, or an adventure seeker, you will surely find something that suits your taste among these wonders.


The Great Pyramid of Giza




The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and only surviving wonder of the ancient world. It was built around 2560 BC as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu, one of the rulers of ancient Egypt. It is estimated that it took about 20 years and 2.3 million blocks of stone to complete this colossal structure, which stands at 146 meters (481 feet) high. The pyramid was originally covered with white limestone casing stones that gave it a smooth and shiny appearance, but most of them have been removed or eroded over time. The pyramid is also aligned with the cardinal points and some stars, showing the advanced knowledge and skills of its builders. The pyramid is part of a larger complex that includes two other smaller pyramids, several temples, tombs, and a massive stone statue known as the Sphinx.




seven wonders of the world


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To visit the Great Pyramid of Giza, you need to travel to Cairo, the capital city of Egypt. You can take a bus, a taxi, or a guided tour from Cairo to Giza, which is about 20 kilometers (12 miles) away. You will need to buy a ticket to enter the complex, which costs 200 Egyptian pounds (about 13 US dollars) for foreigners. You can also buy an additional ticket to enter inside one of the pyramids, but be aware that it is very hot, humid, and claustrophobic inside. You should also dress modestly and respectfully, as Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country. You can also enjoy a camel ride around the pyramids or watch a sound and light show at night.


The Colosseum




The Colosseum is the iconic amphitheater of ancient Rome, where gladiatorial fights, animal hunts, executions, and other spectacles were held for the entertainment of the public. It was built between 72 and 80 AD by the emperors Vespasian and Titus, and could accommodate up to 80,000 spectators. The Colosseum was a marvel of engineering, with a complex system of underground tunnels, elevators, and trapdoors that allowed the performers and animals to appear on the arena floor. The Colosseum was also covered by a giant canvas awning that could be adjusted to protect the audience from the sun or rain. The Colosseum was in use for about 400 years, until the decline of the Roman Empire and the rise of Christianity. Today, it is one of the most visited monuments in Italy and a symbol of the cultural and historical heritage of Rome.


To visit the Colosseum, you need to travel to Rome, the capital city of Italy. You can take a metro, a bus, or a taxi to the Colosseo station, which is right next to the monument. You will need to buy a ticket to enter the Colosseum, which costs 16 euros (about 19 US dollars) for adults and includes access to the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill. You can also book a guided tour or an audio guide for an extra fee. You should also wear comfortable shoes and bring water and sunscreen, as the Colosseum can get very hot and crowded in the summer. You can also admire the Colosseum from outside at night, when it is lit up with different colors.


The Hanging Gardens of Babylon




The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are one of the most mysterious wonders of the ancient world, as there is no conclusive evidence that they ever existed. According to ancient writers, they were built by King Nebuchadnezzar II in the 6th century BC as a gift for his wife Amytis, who missed the green hills and gardens of her homeland in Media (modern-day Iran). The gardens were said to be a series of terraces supported by stone columns and filled with exotic plants and trees, watered by an ingenious irrigation system that pumped water from the nearby Euphrates river. The gardens were also said to be a marvel of beauty and fragrance, attracting visitors from far and wide. However, no archaeological remains or inscriptions have been found to confirm their existence or location, and some scholars suggest that they were either a myth or a confusion with other gardens in Babylon or elsewhere.


To visit the possible site of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, you need to travel to Iraq, where the ancient city of Babylon was located. However, this is not advisable at the moment, due to the unstable political and security situation in the country. Alternatively, you can visit some museums or exhibitions that display models or reconstructions of the gardens, such as the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, Germany, or the Wonders of Babylon exhibition in Sydney, Australia. You can also read some books or watch some documentaries that explore the mystery and allure of the gardens, such as The Mystery of the Hanging Garden of Babylon by Stephanie Dalley or Gardens of Paradise: The History and Design of the Great Islamic Gardens by John Brookes. The Lighthouse of Alexandria




The Lighthouse of Alexandria was the ancient world's most impressive lighthouse, built on the island of Pharos near the city of Alexandria in Egypt. It was constructed in the 3rd century BC by Ptolemy I, one of the successors of Alexander the Great, and his son Ptolemy II. It was designed by the Greek architect Sostratus, who inscribed his name on the base of the lighthouse. The lighthouse consisted of three tiers: a square base, an octagonal middle section, and a circular top section. It reached a height of about 120 meters (394 feet), making it one of the tallest structures in the world at that time. The lighthouse was topped by a large metal mirror that reflected the sunlight during the day and a fire that burned at night, creating a beacon that could be seen for miles by sailors. The lighthouse also had a spiral staircase and a platform where visitors could enjoy the view of the Mediterranean Sea.


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To visit the Lighthouse of Alexandria, you need to travel to Alexandria, the second-largest city in Egypt. You can take a plane, a train, or a bus from Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, to Alexandria, which is about 220 kilometers (137 miles) away. You will need to take a boat or a ferry to reach the island of Pharos, where the lighthouse once stood. However, you will not be able to see much of the original structure, as it was destroyed by several earthquakes between the 10th and 14th centuries. Most of its stones and rubble were used to build other buildings or submerged under water. You can still see some remains of the lighthouse in the Citadel of Qaitbay, a medieval fortress that was built on the same spot in the 15th century. You can also visit some museums or exhibitions


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